仁心,恒心,智心

爬虫类脑

Midbrian:中脑      Pons:脑桥      Medulla:髓      Spinal cord:脊髓    Cerebellum:小脑

The brain stem is the oldest and smallest region in the evolving human brain. It evolved hundreds of millions of years ago and is more like the entire brain of present-day reptiles. For this reason, it is often called the 'reptilian brain'. Various clumps of cells in the brain stem determine the brain's general level of alertness and regulate the vegetative processes of the body such as breathing and heartbeat. 


脑干,是演进中的人类大脑里最古老、最小的部分。数亿年前,脑干就进化成和现在的整个爬虫类的脑类似的样子了。因此,它也被称为“爬虫类脑”。脑干中的细胞族群,决定了大脑反应的正常水平,调节人体生长进程,如呼吸和心跳。


It's similar to the brain possessed by the hardy reptiles that preceded mammals, roughly 200 million years ago. It's 'preverbal', but controls life functions such as autonomic brain, breathing, heart rate and the fight or flight mechanism. Lacking language, its impulses are instinctual and ritualistic. It's concerned with fundamental needs such as survival, physical maintenance, hoarding, dominance, preening and mating. It is also found in lower life forms such as lizards, crocodiles and birds. It is at the base of your skull emerging from your spinal column. 


这和在约两百万年前,一些早于哺乳类的生物出现,适应力强的的爬虫类的脑相似。这是“前于语言期”阶段,但是却能控制大脑自主意识,呼吸,心跳,迎战或逃跑机制等生命功能。没有语言辅助,他们的脉冲是本能的、仪式性的。爬虫类脑只关心基础性的需求,如生存,躯体维护,能量存储,(精神/躯体)控制,外貌展示(?),交配。蜥蜴、鳄鱼、鸟类等低级生命形式中也存在爬虫类脑。存在于你的头骨底端,脊椎上方。


The basic ruling emotions of love, hate, fear, lust, and contentment emanate from this first stage of the brain. Over millions of years of evolution, layers of more sophisticated reasoning have been added upon this foundation. 


爱、憎、惧、性欲还有满足感,都起源于大脑的基础部分(爬虫类脑)。经过数百万年的进化,更复杂的理性层在其基础上衍生。


Our intellectual capacity for complex rational thought which has made us theoretically smarter than the rest of the animal kingdom. 


我们拥有的复杂理性思考的智力能力,使得人类在理论上比其他动物聪明。


When we are out of control with rage, it is our reptilian brain overriding our rational brain components. If someone says that they reacted with their heart instead of their head. What they really mean is that they conceded to their primative emotions (the reptilian brain based) as opposed to the calculations of the rational part of the brain. 


当我们因为超离愤怒而失去控制时,爬虫类脑战胜了理性部分,占据了上风。如果有人说他随心而不是脑子的话,他们指的是他们让步于原始的情感(爬虫类脑的基础),而不是大脑的理性推断处理。



         

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